If Not For The Work Of These Two Men, India Might Just Lose All Its Indigenous Cows
Before you watch the story of Chandran Master, read this.
In 2011, the mighty Gir cow from Gujarat set the world record for highest milk yield of over 60 kiloliter. But this was in Brazil, not India. India is home to the world’s smallest cow, Kerala’s Vechur, that’s on the FAO’s World Watch List of Domestic Animal Diversity, in its ‘Critical-Maintained Breeds List’. At the time of independence, India had 111 varieties of indigenous cows. Today, there are just 37 left. The reason for this looming biodiversity tragedy is the government’s indiscriminate import of exotic crossbreeds from other countries. The foreign cows have put the native Indian varieties on the brink of extinction. –Saurabh Pandey
Now watch what one man is doing about the crisis.
It was a friend of mine, Loren who runs ‘A growing culture’ in the US who told me about Chandran Master. I was sent a link from the Hindu about this old Keralan ex English teacher who had decided to collect indigenous Indian cows so that future generations could see what India once had.
He reminded me of Natabar Sarangi, the rice seed farmer from Odisha, both retired teachers who understood how much their lives and environments were changing, and wanted to do something about it. According to the article, breeding these indigenous cows is illegal unless you have a licence from the government. There seems to be a very conscious move, as with all other forms of agricultural bio-diversity, to destroy much of what has always existed and replace it with inferior foreign imports.
It seemed like a good story, Chandran Master a good subject and the monsoon seemed to be a good time to shoot. Although it rained from morning till noon then all through the night, the light was just perfect. From morning to dusk the light was rich and diffused and stable to work in… between the downpours. Chandran Master was everything I had imagined, bumbling, emotional, intelligent and passionate.
Dressed in his white Mundu, he would wonder aimlessly around his cow sheds and gardens mumbling about government policy and the importance of bio diversity while ripping off Papaya leaves to feed his fish or shout an order to his old school friend Thomas, who seems to do all the work around the farm.
Chandran has been collecting cows for about 24 years. He began collecting because he was shocked at the rapid decline of local species within his area. The Vechur cow from Kerala is the smallest cow in the world and very much his favourite. At just 82cm (32”) high, this cow needs almost no attention or food; it just wonders around the fields and gardens happily munching its way through almost anything, then returns at night. Early the next morning it will give you a couple of litres of ‘medicinal milk’ for tea and breakfast.
It is Chandran’s belief that what we are about to lose in India will have a profound effect on the future health and wealth of India. The very symbol of Indian cultural and spiritual life is disappearing in the space of just one generation while a system of monetary-motivated policies are actively discriminating against small farmers in India.
The problem, Chandran argues, is that if small farmers were supported by government, then their cows could produce more than enough milk, not only for Indian consumption but also for export. The yields are lower than they should be because the cows do not have access to enough food or water. The mighty Gir cow of Gujarat is the perfect example. This indigenous cow has produced record amounts of milk (up to 62 litres of milk a day) but this is not in India; this is in Brazil where this high yielding cow is now imported and treasured by local farmers. Across the whole of south America, the Gir cow is favoured over hybrid varieties because of their lactation period and ability to withstand most environments.
As with almost all agricultural policy throughout the world, it seems that life-changing decisions are being made based purely on profit. Once again, detached academics, policy makers and economists seem determined to destroy what has taken many thousands of years to develop. We have moved from a food system totally in tune with our life-giving environments to one based on systems that destroy and harm human health, our environment and our future of food sustainability.
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